Climate Change, Violence Trap Millions of East Africans in Near-Constant crisis

ADDIS ABEBA – Millions of people in the Horn of Africa are trapped in near-constant crisis as the combination of droughts, floods, and violence force people from their homes and erode already-fragile livelihoods, Red Cross said on Wednesday.

President of the International Committee of the Red Cross or ICRC, Peter Maurer said at the end of a visit to the sub-region that many people “are increasingly caught between deadly extremes”.

“Conditions are either too wet or too hot and dry. People already on the run from violence may be uprooted again by droughts and floods,” Maurer said.

Thousands of people are displaced each day from their homes by climate shocks or violence, ICRC says in a statement sent to The Daily Monitor today.

Preliminary data from the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) suggest that, on average, the number of people displaced from their homes each day in 2019 was 3,715 in Ethiopia and 1,860 in Somalia.

Ethiopia saw the highest number of new displacements triggered by violence last year in Africa: 930,000, with another 426,000 displaced by droughts and floods.

In the same period, IDMC recorded 500,000 displacements due to disasters and another 180,000 from violence and armed conflict in Somalia.

The region started 2019 in drought and then experienced floods in May, according to ICRC.

It then swung back to drought before torrential rains in October and November unleashed the worst floods in decades.

Despite being least responsible for climate change, five of the 20 countries most vulnerable to its effects are in east Africa, including Somalia, which ranks first, according to available data gathered by the Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative.

All of them have recently suffered from armed conflict or violence, according to ICRC.

“This week I spoke with groups of women in Ethiopia who have suffered blow after blow,” he said.

“Their husbands have been killed, they were forced to flee violent clashes and are now trying to build a life amid poverty, climate shocks and insecurity,” said Maurer. “When violence and disasters overlap, people are often displaced from their homes not just once, but again and again, and often for long periods of time”.

The president said this disastrous combination “leaves families struggling to make ends meet and uncertain when they will return home, if ever.”

Image: A Somali man walks out of his flooded makeshift shelter after heavy rain in Mogadishu, Somalia October 21, 2019. [Photo VoA]

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